The concept of food security is defined as including both physical and economic access to food that meets people's dietary needs as well as their food preferences.
The three pillars of food security are commonly defined as:
- Food availability: sufficient quantities of food available on a consistent basis.
- Food access: having sufficient resources to obtain appropriate foods for a nutritious diet.
- Food use: appropriate use based on knowledge of basic nutrition and care, as well as adequate water and sanitation.
Food Sovereignty is the right of individuals, communities, peoples and countries to define their own agricultural, labour, fishing, food and land policies, which are ecologically, socially, economically and culturally appropriate to their unique circumstances. It includes the true right to food and to produce food, which means that all people have the right to safe, nutritious and culturally appropriate food and to food-producing resources and the ability to sustain themselves and their societies.
The six pillars of food sovereignty are:
- Focuses on food for people
- Values food providers
- Localizes food systems
- Puts control locally
- Builds knowledge and skills
- Works with nature
Describes the process which aims to bring together all major stakeholders that have an interest in particular decisions and issues, in a form of communication that recognizes the importance of achieving equity and accountability between them. Multi-stakeholder approaches are based on democratic principles of transparency and participation and aim to develop partnerships and strengthened networks among stakeholders.
Source: Modified from Multi-Stakeholder Processes for Governance and Sustainability: Beyond Deadlock and Conflict by Minu Hemmati, Felix Dodds and Jasmin Enayati